The Wars - Battle of Bannockburn

Battle of Bannockburn Map

Bannockburn is the most famous Scottish victory in the Wars of Independence. The English should have won because they had more men and better equipment. They were, however, very badly led by Edward II who made a fatal mistake in his choice of battlefield.

Bruce's army advanced towards the English "like a thick set hedge" and pushed them back. Firstly the English lost their formations, then they lost their nerve just as the Scots were tiring. The sudden intervention of Bruce's camp followers broke the English morale and they fled.

Stirling Castle, which Edward II had been trying to relieve, surrendered the next day. The victory ensured Scotland's survival as an independent country with Bruce as its King.