The Strategic Heart of Scotland
As time went by, this prominent Stirling rock became a stronghold for those who lived on its summit.
The warrior Celts planted a hill fort there, for this was an area of bitter warfare between rival tribes, each seeking to control the hill which dominated the river valley and its shallow crossing points.
Roman soldiers stood on the same crag as they looked north to the hostile lands beyond. Standing like a rocky island between hills to the north and south, they could see how the castle rock controlled all movement along, or across, the marshy valley around it.
The Wolf - legend
When Stirling was temporarily under Anglo-Saxon sway, according to a 9th-century legend, it was attacked by Danish invaders. The sound of a wolf roused a sentry, however, who alerted his garrison, which forced a Viking retreat. This led to the wolf being adopted as a symbol of the town as is shown on a 1511 Stirling Jug.
Even today the wolf appears on the council's coat of arms along with the recently chosen motto: "Steadfast as the Rock"