Stirling is a city in central Scotland and is grouped around a castle and an old medieval town.
The city is located some miles to the west of the opening of the River Forth. Historically it was strategically important as the "Gateway to the Highlands". 666
Stirling has been described as the brooch which clasps the Highlands and the Lowlands together.
Its historical location as the nearest crossing of the Forth to the river entrance meant that it enticed invaders. The animal of Stirling is the wolf. According to legend, when Stirling was under attack from Viking invaders, a wolf howled, alerting the townsfolk in time to save Stirling.
See also - Stirling Rivers
Stirling was created a Royal burgh by King David I in 1130 until 1975 when the burgh was abolished. As part of Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee in 2002, Stirling was granted city status.
Once the capital of Scotland, Stirling has the Great Hall (restored 1999) and the Renaissance Palace (restoration completed 2011) within Stirling Castle. Stirling also has a medieval parish church, the Church of the Holy Rude, where King James VI was crowned King of Scots in 1567. The Holy Rude still functions, with a service on Sundays.
It is the administrative centre for the Stirling Council area and is traditionally the county town of Stirlingshire.
Stirling is a centre for local government, higher education, retail, and industry. The 2011 census recorded the population of the city as 45,750, the wider Stirling council area has a population of roughly 90,000. The majority of the population is located in its southeast corner, in the City of Stirling and in the surrounding area.